7 in 10 men suffer from alopecia (hair loss) between the ages of 30 and 40. This manifestation of hair loss very often comes a brutal “aging shock” for men who can appear weaker, older, and tired.
Baldness: a case of genetics and capillary cycles
Baldness in men is most often a factor of genetics and some people are more sensitive to the male hormone: dihydrotestosterone (DHT), a derivative of testosterone.
When DHT comes into contact with certain genetically programmed hair follicles, it stops regeneration and subsequently causes the death of the hair follicle. The hair around the edges of the scalp is not sensitive to DHT, so these hairs will not fall out, even at an advanced age.
It is in this way that genetic factors determine capillary cycles.
The longevity of hair follicles is generally short in areas prone to baldness, and longer on the back and sides of the head. For this reason, these areas are protected even in cases of extreme baldness.
Treatments for hair loss and baldness in our Paris and London clinics are adapted and personalised to suit the needs of each individual
Before deciding to carry out hair transplant, following a consultation for problems relating to hair loss in our Paris and London clinics, the doctor will first propose various options for non-invasive medical treatments according to the individual patient. At the first stage, the aim is to stop the hair from falling out, and to even stimulate the hair to grow again. In this case, our treatment consists of a trio of “finasteride, minoxidil and Mesotherapy plasmatherapy “which can be adapted to suit the needs of each individual.
Baldness: when to undertake a hair transplant?
Stabilising hair loss is a key step before undertaking a transplant, indeed this is absolutely necessary to avoid the “doll’s hair” effect, which can be seen in those who have had a transplant too early, and then when the rest of their hair falls out, only the transplanted hairs remain on the scalp.
If simple medical treatments are not sufficient to address baldness, then treatment with a FUE (follicular unit extraction) hair transplant is necessary.
The concept of FUE hair transplants at Dr Dray Clinic:
Dr Dray, in collaboration with Dr Antoni Calmon, have developed a program of hair implantation that is both precise and natural, based on a course of pre-operative plasmatherapy in combination with the FUE treatment.
The whole process of FUE hair transplantation is based on taking a hair graft from the donor area at the back of the head, in order to then transplant them onto the balding areas of the scalp
Once they have been implanted using the FUE hair transplant technique, the grafted hairs are “perpetual” because they have come from an area that is not affected by androgenetic alopecia, and therefore will no longer fall out.
FUE hair transplantation is a simple, efficient, and lasting technique, which allows us to treat baldness. There is no risk of rejection, since it is your own hair that is being re-implanted.
When is FUE hair transplantation not recommended?
There are some cases for which FUE hair transplantation is not suitable (illnesses of the skin on the scalp, patients who are taking anti-coagulants, insufficiency of the donor area). A full medical consultation will be undertaken to determine suitability.
FUE hair transplantation procedure:
Stage one: extraction of follicular units
After shaving the hair in the donor area at the back of the scalp to a length of 1mm a local anaesthetic is then administered. The follicular micro-grafts are then extracted, this is made up of one to four hairs each.
The extraction process is carried out using a “micro-punch”, a very fine, cylindrical instrument with a diameter of less than 1mm and therefore does not create any scars. The micro-punch is placed around the visible portion of the follicular unit, and then by applying pressure to the base and rotating at the same time, it cuts the skin around the follicular unit, to free up the neighbouring tissue. The follicular unit is then extracted with a gentle pull. Each follicular micro-grafts are taken out one by one and then carefully sorted according to the number of hairs they contain.The follicular micro-grafts containing one or two hairs are used to create the front hairline (more natural looking), while those with three to four hairs allow us to return thickness to the areas on the top of the scalp.
Stage two: implantation of grafts
Using a very fine needle, the practitioner makes micro-incisions on the scalp to allow it to receive the grafts. This is a significant procedure as it defines and establishes the orientation of the transplanted hairs. It therefore must be carried out with subtlety precision in order to give an exceptionally natural effect to the transplanted hairs. This is what differentiates our method of transplants using the Dr Dray FUE technique as aesthetic appearance is monitored throughout the process to ensure a tasteful result.
The advantages of hair transplantation using the Dr Dray FUE technique:
- No scars in the donor area
- No “visible holes” or scars in the implanted area
- No bleeding
- No pain
- No bruising
- No damage to the hair implant (minimal level of cross-cutting)
- Possibility of returning to work within two or three days
- Natural results
The aftercare for the transplant is simple:
- A bandage on the donor area for 24 hours
- Small scabs on the implanted area, which you can wash off after a few days
- Taking special precautions to avoid rubbing on the implanted area for a few weeks.
How long does it take for results to appear following a hair transplant using the Dr Dray FUE technique?
Optimal results for hair transplants using the Dr Dray FUE technique are achieved after one year.
This technique is also suitable for:
• For men, re-thickening and re-shaping the beard
• Thickening and re-shaping over-plucked eyebrows